Image Library

Alexandria

 

View of Pompey's Pillar with Alexandria in the background in c.1850 View over the modern city of Alexandria in c.1880 Bird's eye view over Alexandria in around 1870 WH Bartlett, views of Alexandria in the 1830's Engraving by Fragonard of the painting of Augustus (Octavian) visiting Alexander's tomb in Alexandria by Sebastien Bourdon (c. 1643, Louvre) J-F Cassas, external view of the Rosetta Gate, drawn in 1785 (published in 1799)
Description de l'Egypte, Antiquites V, Plate 34, Pompey's Pillar, drawn c.1798, published in the Panckoucke edition of 1821-9 Description de l'Egypte, Antiquites V, Plate 32, Cleopatra's needles and the Tower of the Romans, drawn c.1798, published in the Panckoucke edition of 1821-9 Cornelius de Bruyn, view of Pompey's Pillar with Alexandria in the background, 1681 Cornelius de Bruyn, view of the great harbour from a little behind the shoreline, 1681 Edward Daniel Clarke, The courtyard of the Attarine Mosque in 1798 after Vivant Denon, from The Tomb of Alexander, Cambridge, 1805 Description de l'Egypte, Antiquites V, Plate 35, View of the Attarine Mosque looking northwards across Canopic Way, drawn c.1798, published in the Panckoucke edition of 1821-9
Description de l'Egypte, Antiquites V, Plate 42, Plans and views of a catacomb on the coast to the west of Alexandria, drawn c.1798, published in the Panckoucke edition of 1821-9 Description de l'Egypte, Antiquites V, Plate 39 (top), Courtyard of the Attarine Mosque with the chapel containing the sarcophagus, drawn c.1798, published in the Panckoucke edition of 1821-9 Description de l'Egypte, Antiquites V, Plate 39 (bottom), Plan and cross-section of the ancient stadium behind Pompey's Pillar, drawn c.1798, published in the Panckoucke edition of 1821-9 Description de l'Egypte, Antiquites V, Plate 38, Section and plan of the Attarine Mosque, drawn c.1798, published in the Panckoucke edition of 1821-9 Description de l'Egypte, Antiquites V, Plate 37, The Mosque of a Thousand Columns (Septante) and ancient subterranean cisterns, drawn c.1798, published in the Panckoucke edition of 1821-9 Description de l'Egypte, Antiquites V, Plate 43, Small Pharos monument and remains of a temple enclosure at Taposiris (Tomb of Osiris) to the west of Alexandria, drawn c.1798, published in the Panckoucke edition of 1821-9
Description de l'Egypte, Etat Moderne II, Plate 91, Pilgrims' Tree and Aqueduct, views of Alexandrian ruins, drawn c.1798, published in the Panckoucke edition of 1821-9 Description de l'Egypte, Etat Moderne II, Plate 90, Views and plans of towers in the circuit of the old walls, drawn c.1798, published in the Panckoucke edition of 1821-9 Description de l'Egypte, Etat Moderne II, Plate 89, Views of sections of the old walls, drawn c.1798, published in the Panckoucke edition of 1821‑9 Description de l'Egypte, Etat Moderne, Plate 87, Views of Qait Bey Fortress and the "Diamant" Rock, drawn c.1798, published in the Panckoucke edition of 1821-9 Description de l'Egypte, Etat Moderne II, Plate 86, View across the Great Harbour towards Qait Bey fortress, drawn c.1798, published in the Panckoucke edition of 1821-9 Description de l'Egypte, Etat Moderne II, Plate 97, Panoramic view across the Great Harbour and Kom el-Dikka from the parade ground, drawn c.1798, published in the Panckoucke edition of 1821-9
Luigi Mayer, aquatint showing the Attarine Mosque in c.1792 looking west down Canopic Way with ancient granite pillars standing and fallen along the line of the ancient street (published 1801-4) Luigi Mayer, aquatint looking north at a bridge across the Calish/ Canopic Canal with Pompey's Pillar in the background drawn in c.1792 (published 1801-4) Luigi Mayer, aquatint showing the Attarine Mosque in c.1792 looking east down Canopic Way with ancient granite pillars then still standing (published 1801-4) Cleopatra's needles in an engraving in the Graphic of November 20th 1875 just prior to the removal of the fallen obelisk to London Description de l'Egypte, Etat Moderne II, Plate 98, Panoramic view across the Old City from the parade ground, drawn c.1798, published in the Panckoucke edition of 1821-9 Luigi Mayer, aquatint showing catacombs on the coast to the west of Alexandria in c.1792 (published 1801-4)
Engraved version of a photo of the standing obelisk and the remodelled wall incorporating the Tower of the Romans in the early 1870's Woodcut of Alexandria from the Nuremberg Chronicle (1493) - the view is evidently invented on the basis of slight knowledge of ancient descriptions - the church is probably St Mark's Captain Frederick Norden, view of the great harbour looking across to Qait Bey fortress, 1737

Captain Frederick Norden, view of Cleopatra's Needles from the west, 1737

Photograph on a glass plate from c.1880 of the standing obelisk of Cleopatra's Needles Nabi Daniel mosque and Kom el-Dikka with Fort Cretin in a postcard of the early 20th century
Luigi Mayer, aquatint showing Pompey's Pillar looking north towards Alexandria in c.1792 (published 1801-4) Luigi Mayer, aquatint showing the outer portal of the Rosetta Gate from the inside in c.1792 (published 1801-4) Luigi Mayer, aquatint showing Cleopatra's Needles (the Caesareum Obelisks) in c.1792 with the Tower of the Romans - the fallen obelisk is now on the Thames Embankment in London, whilst that then standing is now in Central Park in New York (published 1801-4) Luigi Mayer, aquatint showing the great harbour looking north towards Qait Bey fortress on the site of the Pharos in c.1792 (published 1801-4) Luigi Mayer, aquatint showing a mosque with an ancient pillar built into it looking east down Canopic Way towards the Rosetta Gate in c.1792 (published 1801-4) Pompey's Pillar in c.1880
Thomas Walsh, view of Qait Bey fortress in 1801, published in History of the Late Campaign in Egypt (1803) Thomas Walsh, view of Alexandria from the east during the siege of 1801, published in History of the Late Campaign in Egypt (1803) H. Showmer, imaginative reconstruction of Caesar's (probably Octavian's) visit to Alexander's tomb in Alexandria, engraved from a painting (late 19th century) Engraving of c.1840 by Rouargue of a view of the Nabi Daniel Mosque from Kom el-Dikka by WH Bartlett done in c.1837 David Roberts, view of Pompey's Pillar in the mid-1840's (note Kom el-Dikka mound in the background), published 1854 David Roberts, view of Cleopatra's Needles in the mid-1840's (note remodelling of the walls done 20 years earlier by Galice Bey), published 1854
David Roberts, view of Alexandria from the sea in the mid-1840's, published 1854 Ancient columns on the beach of Ras-el-Tin in about 1880 Thomas Walsh, views of the Rosetta Gate and other parts of the walls, published in History of the Late Campaign in Egypt (1803) Engraving of Cleopatra's Needle standing in Alexandria in c.1850, looking west, published in
c.1890
An albumen photo looking west showing Cleopatra's needle (now in Central Park, New York), whilst it
still stood in Alexandria in the 1870's
Small mosque in view of Alexandria from the Illustrated London News 1862 with a part of the Nabi Daniel
mosque in the background
 
Reconstruction of ancient Alexandria based on the accounts of ancient writers by D'Anville and
Rollins, published in 1808
Fallen needle (obelisk) rolled down the Alexandrian shore packed in a cylinder ship for sailing to London in 1877 Launch of the needle ship Cleopatra from the beach at Alexandria in 1877 Preparing the fallen needle for shipping to London in 1877 (the Greek owner of the land Signor Demetri had threatened to break the needle up for building stone) Construction of the cylinder ship Cleopatra around the obelisk for shipping to London in 1877 Obelisk attributed to Cleopatra at Alexandria, view of the ruins of the library of the Ptolemies and of the Museion, aspect from the sea of the little Pharillon, drawn by Louis-Francois Cassas in 1785 and engraved and published in Paris in 1799
Nineteenth century sketch in watercolour and pencil after(?) David Roberts (1838) inscribed Cleopatra's Needle, Alexandria on the back A view from the vicinity of Kom el Dikka looking west towards fort Qait Bey c. 1856 A view of Clepatra's Needles in 1853 from the Illustrated London News A famous imaginative reconstruction of the Pharos lighthouse in Alexandria published in 1764 View looking east down Canopic Way drawn by L-F Cassas during his visit to Alexandria in 1785: this version is a full size copy engraved by J. Dadley (1758-1819) in about 1810 of the French first edition of 1799 View looking west past Cleopatra’s needle from the top of the Tower of the Romans, published by Henri Chatelain in his Atlas Historique in 1719
View looking southwards to Kom el-Dikka past Cleopatra’s needle, published by Henri Chatelain in his Atlas Historique in 1719 View of the interior of one of the ancient towers in the curtain walls of Alexandria, published by Henri Chatelain in his Atlas Historique in 1719 View of Cleopatra’s Needles from Clarke’s Travels, presumably from a sketch made during his visit in 1801 Woodcut view of Alexandria with authentic details from/by Foresti di Bergamo, Supplementum Chronicarum of 1520; is the tower on the peninsula the Pharos or an exaggeration of the minaret of Qait Bey fortress, built on its site in the 1470’s? Engraving of Cleopatra’s Needle in Alexandria viewed from the north side looking south towards Kom el-Dikka, drawn by Captain Frederick Norden in 1737

View of the Nabi Daniel mosque from Kom el-Dikka in a postcard mailed in 1908

View looking westwards across the modern Shallalat Gardens showing the remains of the ancient corner tower of the old walls on the far bank of the lake in the early 20th century Reproduction in the Illustrated London News of 1867 of a lithograph by Hildebrandt published in 1865 looking westwards past Cleopatra’s Needle across the harbour to Qait Bey Fortress Chromolithograph of a watercolour by Hildebrandt painted in 1862 looking westwards past Cleopatra’s Needle across the harbour to Qait Bey Fortress The Indian contingent of the British army overlooking Alexandria from the east in 1801 in an engraving by Edward Orme View looking west from Kom el-Dikka published in c.1883 but dating to c.1820 since the Nabi Daniel Mosque is not yet built but the palace is visible at Ras el-Tin in the distance

Albumen photo from c.1870 looking east past Cleopatra’s Needle and showing the remains of the ancient Tower of the Romans at the shore

Cornelius de Bruyn, view across Alexandria looking west from the Tower of the Romans with Cleopatra’s Needle in the foreground, 1681 (published 1698) Cornelius de Bruyn, interior of a tower in the ancient walls of Alexandria, 1681 (published 1698) Cornelius de Bruyn, interior of a tower in Alexandria, 1681 (published 1698)
 
Cornelius de Bruyn, ancient ruins at the harbour front of Alexandria, which were said to be the Palace of Cleopatra, 1681 (published 1698) Cornelius de Bruyn, westwards view of the western part of old Alexandria with the watchtower keep on its hillock, 1681 (published 1698) Cornelius de Bruyn, view of ruins in old Alexandria, 1681 (published 1698)
Imaginative but inaccurate re-creation of the Pharos lighthouse at Alexandria (1872) Reconstruction of the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus closely based on accurate ancient descriptions (1872) – this building was probably the inspiration for many of the royal tombs in ancient Alexandria “View of Alexandria from the vicinity of Kom El-Dikka dating to about 1835, which resembles one of Vivant Denon’s views over Alexandria published in his Travels in Egypt in 1801-1803” “The Okel near the Great Harbour of Alexandria, which was a medieval building constructed using ancient columns with Corinthian and Ionic capitals, by Lemaitre, 1848” View of the New Town section of the shoreline of the Great Harbour of Alexandria in 1737 by Captain Frederick Norden: a is the Saïque; b are old towers and bastions of the Saracen walls; c is Pompey’s Pillar; d is the French hostel; e is the customs post; f are the minarets of the mosques; g is an English vessel View of the Pharillon or Fanal in 1737 by Captain Frederick Norden: b is said to be the ruins of the Library of the Ptolemies; c is the promontory of the Fort of Aboukir

View of Pompey’s Pillar in 1737 by Captain Frederick Norden

View of the shoreline of the Great Harbour of Alexandria in 1737 with the Tower of the Romans and Cleopatra’s Needle by Captain Frederick Norden: b is the Temple of Caesar; c is the Church of St Mark; d is the Churches of St George and St Catherine View of Cleopatra’s Needles and the Tower of the Romans circa 1825 after P. Bohmanns

View of the Rosetta Gate of Alexandria after P. Bohmanns, dating to circa 1825 just before the remodelling of the walls by Galice Bey

 

Gouache painting of the Pharos of ancient Alexandria based on the reconstruction of Hermann Thiersch published in 1909 A postcard showing a view of the Tower of the Romans on the shore of the Great Harbour of Alexandria looking east in about 1900

David Roberts, view of Pompey's Pillar in the mid-1840's: this is the aquatinted first edition version published in 1846

A view of Alexandria looking west across the Great Harbour published in 1808, but seemingly based on a view circa 1600 Views of Alexandria from the Mediterranean Sea in 1798 from drawings by Vivant Denon (1802) Views of ancient ruined columns and the Tower of the Romans with Cleopatra's Needles in 1798 from drawings by Vivant Denon (1802) Fort Qait Bey and a panorama of the Great Harbour from Kom El-Dikka in 1798 from drawings by Vivant Denon (1802) Exterior View of the Ancient Wall of Alexandria with Cleopatra’s Needle, Aquatint by Luigi Mayer, drawn circa 1792, published in London circa 1802

View across the Great Harbour towards fort Qait Bey on the site of the Pharos from a sketch of 1785 by L-F Cassas, engraved by Garreau and published 1799(?)

The Baths of Cleopatra at Alexandria drawn by Luigi Mayer in or before 1792 and published as an aquatint in London in 1802 An ancient cistern near the Church of St Catherine in Alexandria drawn by Norden in 1737 and published in Paris in 1755 An antique watercolour signed “JML” depicting a view across the Great Harbour of Alexandria in the 19th century from a beach to the east of the city This is an imaginative reconstruction of the Pharos of Alexandria, one of the Seven Wonders of the World series of engravings by Galle dating to 1572 and based on the paintings of the earlier 16th century by Martin Heemskerck View of ruins in the shoreline of the Great Harbour at Alexandria in or before about 1792 drawn by Luigi Mayer and (speculatively) captioned the Ptolomean Library – published as an aquatinted engraving by R Bowyer in London in 1802
A panorama of Alexandria published in 1692 loosely based on the Braun & Hogenberg plan of the city from 1575 An original drawing from about 1800 looking west past Cleopatra’s Needles in the foreground across the Great Harbour of Alexandria towards Qait Bey fortress on the site of the Pharos Engraving from an early eighteenth century drawing reconstructing the Pharos overlooking the Great Harbour of Alexandria from ancient descriptions Base of Pompey’s Pillar after Norden (1801) Diagram of the base of Pompey’s Pillar (1801) Engraving of Pompey’s Pillar after Dalton (1801)
 
Panoramic view of the site of Pompey’s Pillar from Aegyptiaca (1801) Alexandrian catacombs still choked with debris (1883) Imaginative reconstruction of the Pharos lighthouse (1883) Engraved view of the ruins of the ancient walls of Alexandria (1883) A very early (c. 1870) albumen photo of the Nabi Daniel Mosque in Alexandria by the Zangaki Brothers – seemingly shows the mosque as built by Mohammed Ali without later additions  

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